The control of intra–atomic energy by means of the nuclear fission chain reaction must be accounted one of the finest purely intellectual accomplishments of humanity.
That the energy so liberated now lights and heats homes, and turns the wheels of industry, from Argentina to Korea, is a true sign of hope in our times.
To stop there would be to accept helplessly the probability of civilization destroyed, the annihilation of the irreplaceable heritage of mankind handed down to us from generation to generation, and the condemnation of mankind to begin all over again the age-old struggle upward from savagery towards decency, and right, and justice. Surely no sane member of the human race could discover victory in such desolation.
It is not enough to take this weapon out of the hands of the soldiers. It must be put into the hands of those who will know how to strip its military casing and adapt it to the arts of peace.—Mr Dwight D Eisenhower, 470th plenary meeting of the United Nations General Assembly, 8 December 1953